Lest We Forget: Friday and its Importance

What not to forget to do on this day, Friday (including the Thursday night before …)

“Invoke blessings upon me abundantly on Friday because it is a day that is (particularly) witnessed and the Angels witness it (abundantly). As soon as a person invokes blessings on me his invocation is shown to me until he ends it.” Abu al-Darda’ ® said: “Even after (your) death?” The Prophet (s) replied: “Verily, Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of Prophets.”

Some made the initial addition of the following: “The best of your days is Friday, for in it Adam was created, and in it his soul was taken back, and in it is the blowing of the Horn, and in it is the universal Seizure, therefore invoke blessings upon me abundantly on Friday…”

The Holy Prophet (s) says in a Hadith, “Definitely there are many Angels of Allah that sojourn the earth and bring the Salaam of my Ummat to me”.

Copied from: http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/Praising_Prophet.htm {please read for further information]

Friday is the best Day of the week. It is the Mothers of all days and the most virtuous in the sight of Allah.In the sight of Allah it has more greatness than Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid –ul-Adha (Reported in Ibn Majah)

Only that believer is graced with the blessings and benefits of Friday, who looks forward for it most anxiously and eagerly ; and wretched is the negligent one who is least interested in it and who does not even know in the morning which day has dawned ( Imam Ghazali says Ihya ul-Ulum)

– Thus We should make preparations for Jummah from Thursday night, (which is Friday night islamically because is Islam we start with Night and end with the day until the following night-Maghrib) The person who will receive the most benefit on Friday will be that person who waits for it and makes preparations for it from Thursday.

The Main merits of holy day of Friday are the first six;

1. Allah created Adam alayhis salaam on Friday and he was granted entry into hannah on Friday.

2. Adam alayhis salaam was sent to earth on this day as his vicegerent.

3. Adam alayhis salaam died on a Friday.

4. There is a blessed hour on Friday during which a person is granted anything lawful and good by Allah that he prays for.

5. The blessed hour on Friday is such that Duas are answered and accepted,(from my research its an hour in ‘‘sr to Maghrib)

6. The Day of Qiyamah-Resurrection will be on a Friday. It is on this day that the Trumpet will be blown on Friday; There is neither any angels nearest to Allah nor any heaven nor the earth nor the wind and a sea but all of them fear the Day of Jummah,that is why everything in the heavens and the earth including God’’ most favourite angels and mountains, rivers etc. stand in awe of Friday…

What Acts to Engage in on Friday:

The person who recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday will have a bright light lit up for him till the next Friday. (Nasai) Also, whoever learns and preserves, in heart and practice, the first ten Ayahs of al-Kahf, he will be protected from al-Dajjal.

[Malick Elias writes: I will also draw your attention to contemplating on the meaning of  the whole Surah whilst reading it, but pay particular attention to the meaning contained in the last verses of the Surah … they are extremely powerful, I think. And Allah knows best.]

Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Ka’bah). Also the reward is as if they gave 10,000 Dinars gold coins in sadaqah.

‘Whoever reads Surah al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, a light will shine for him from beneath his feet to the clouds of the sky, which will shine for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven (his sins) between the two Fridays.’” The surah may be read during the night or the day of Jumu’ah. The night of Jumu’ah starts from sunset on Thursday, and the day of Jumu’ah ends at sunset. Therefore the time for reading this soorah extends from sunset on Thursday to sunset on Friday.

The person who recites Surah Ad-Dukhan on Friday night, will have 70,000 angels imploring Allah for his forgiveness with the result that he will have all his sins forgiven. (Tirmizi)

It is in accordance with the Sunnah to recite Surah Ha Mim Sajdah (41) and Súrah Ad-Dahr (76) in the Fajr Prayer on Friday.

It is in accordance with the Sunnah to recite Surah Al-Jum’ah (62) and Al-Munafiqun (62), or Surah Al-A’ala (87) and Al-Ghashiyah (88) in the Friday Prayer.

The best Dhikr one can do is Salawat ala Rasul or Durood Shareef as much as possible.

The Prophet SAW said that of all days, Friday is the most virtuous. Send abundant Durood on me on Fridays because they are presented to me on that day.

Whoever recites the following Salawat eighty times immediately after ‘Asr Salat on Friday, before standing up from his place – Allah will forgive eighty years of sins, and grant him the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship –

“Allahumma Solli ‘Alaa Muhammadinin Nabiyyil Ummiyyi Wa ‘ala Aalihi Wasallim Tasleema.” (Jami’ As-Sagheer)
“O Allah bless Muhammad, the unlettered Prophet, and his family and grant them best of peace.”

[Malick Elias adds: For non-Arabic speakers who want to send praise upon the Holy Prophet but would find it difficult to learn the duaas. The selection bolded above is sufficient to learn … Allah knows best]

On Friday one should invoke Allah as often as possible for His blessings on the Holy Prophet, for the Holy Prophet has said : The best day for you is Friday because Adam was created on Friday and he died on Friday and Resurrection will take place on Friday. Therefore, you should invoke Alláh blessings for me frequently on this day, because your invocations in this regard are presented before me.

It is Allah’s right on every Muslim to bathe during every seven days, by washing his head and body

It is also recommended that one should clip his nails for Jummah..

The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, insisted on wearing his best clothes on Friday therefore we should do likewise.

[Malick Elias comments: I left these recommendations untouched though no hadiths were presented here to support these practices, but they are in conformity with the comparisons made between the Eids and the Jummah … Allah knows best]
Friday Prayer is Obligatory Fard-e-‘ayn

The Friday prayer is obligatory on the person who after observing it can return home before the nightfall.

Jum’’h is obligatory for every Muslim, except the slave, the woman, the child and the sick.

“People used to come from their halting places and highlands for the Friday Prayer”. (Bukhari)

Hadrat Abu Hurairah says : The Holy Prophet said :
“Listen! Some of you take their flocks of goats a mile or two miles away in search of food, but when Friday comes, they do not bother to come here to offer the Prayer. (He repeated this sentence thrice, and then said) The heart of such a one will sealed”.

“Allah will seal the heart of the man, who does not pray three Friday prayers out of negligence”

““he name of the person who abandons the Friday Salaat without a genuine reason, will be recorded as a hypocrite in the Book (the Preserved Tablet), whose writings can neither be scraped out nor tampered with.

Command for Friday Prayer: Its Merits and Importance

Friday Prayer is obligatory and this is supported by the Qur’an, the Sunnah and the consensus of the Muslims. It occupies an important place among the distinctive features of Islam. A person who does not believe in the obligatory status of the Friday Prayer falls outside the pale of Islam, and the one who abandons it due to negligence and carelessness, without a genuine reason, becomes a sinner. The Qur’án says:

O Believers! When you hear the call to the Friday Prayer, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave your trading; this is better for you only if you know it. (62 9)

Here remembrance means the Friday Sermon and the congregational service, and hastening implies that one should make necessary preparations for it and attend the mosque promptly.

This unusual stress throws light on the unique importance of the Friday Prayer.

The other prayers can be offered without the congregation and, if missed, can be offered later also. But not so the Friday Prayer. It is conditioned upon congregation and, if missed, cannot be offered later.

Therefore, as soon as the call for it is given, the Believers are commanded to leave their business and trading and hasten to the mosque for the remembrance of Allah.

The fact is that the remembrance of Allah for a little while and bowing and prostrating oneself before Him along with the congregation in full consciousness yield[s] eternal benefits for man far greater in value and worth than the temporary and meagre material gains that he craves for in the world.The Holy Prophet has said :

1. The Friday Congregational Prayer is obligatory for every Muslim, except the slave, the woman, the child and the sick. (Abu Da ud)

2. The Friday Prayer is obligatory on every person who believes in Allàh and the Last day; the one who ignores it on account of sport or fun, or trade and business, will be ignored by Allah, Who is Pure and Self-Sufficient. (Daraquini)

3. The name of the person who abandons the Friday Prayer without a genuine reason, will be recorded as a hypocrite in the Book (the Preserved Tablet), whose writings can neither be scraped out nor tampered with.(Mishkat)

4.I wish I should appoint someone as Imam in my place, and should go and set fire to the houses of the people who stay back at home and neglect the Friday Prayer. (Muslim)

5. Hadrat Ibn Umair and Hadrat Abu Hurairah have reported that they heard the Holy Prophet say on the pulpit : People are warned against neglecting the Friday Prayer, otherwise Allah will seal their hearts, and they will be condemned to negligence (for ever). (Muslim)

6.The one who hears the call to the Friday Praayer and does not turn up for it on one Friday, and then on the second Friday and the third Friday consecutively, has his heart sealed and is turned a hypocrite (Tabáranì) Alláma Sarakhsi says :

The Friday Prayer is obligatory according to the Qur’an and the Sunnah and tthe consensusof the Muslims. (Al-Mabsut, Vol. II, p. 22)

Prayer’’ obligatory status is established by the Qur’’n and the Sunnah, and the consensus of the Ummah is that the person who denies this is outside the pale of Islam.””(Fath-al-Qadir, Vol. I, p. 407)

Ibn Abbas says :The person who misses several Friday Prayers consecutively, has abandoned Islam.

The Holy Prophet has described the merits of the Friday Prayer thus:The one who had [a] bath on Friday, cleaned himself fully, used oil and perfume, then went to the mosque early in the afternoon and took his place quietly without pushing or disturbing the people ; then offered the Sunnat prayer; then listened to the sermon peacefully, he will have all his sins committed since the previous Friday forgiven. (Bukharì)

There are three types of men who come to offer the Friday Prayer:
(1) He who comes and indulges in irrelevant talk : such a one does not gain anything beside this.
(2) He who busies himself in meditation and supplications to Allah, which Allah may or may not grant.
(3) He who takes his place quietly and peacefully: neither he disturbs the people nor hurts them in any way: this mans good behaviour becomes an expiation for his negligences till the next Friday and for three days more, for Allàh says :
The one who does one good deed, gets the reward for ten good deeds. (6 :160)

The one who washes himself clean on Friday, then walks to mosque (instead of riding), then listens to the sermon peacefully, avoiding every frivolous act and utterance, gets the reward of one full year’s worship on every step of one year’s fasting and one year’s prayer. (Tirmizí)

Copied from this site: http://www.deenislam.co.uk/friday.htm {please refer for further information]

 

Compilation and Commentary made by Malick Elias.

 Vivaislam.org

Reading History as A Struggle of Tawheed vs Shirk or The Oppressor vs The Oppressed

Malick Elias

For Muslim students to acquire a holistic understanding of the life of Muhammad (pbuh) and a worldview of Monotheism, a brief study of the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Persia, Rome and Byzantine is important. Why? Simply because the Holy Quran and the Hadith traditions repeatedly refer to these places and even though we are now further removed from those histories, knowledge of them can enhance our understanding of the past and the present events.

Furthermore, there is a much broader aim here for Muslim scholarship to pursue beyond the mere stirring of their students’ imaginations; and it is that they rise to the challenge of sketching a historical and archeological discourse for that time in history when humanity could have been described as sharing an unified experience before God or that which is known in use today as ‘Tawheed’ and when did their breaking apart took place and thus began the period of division or ‘Shirk’.

The following pages, is a brief journey through the rise and fall of some key civilizations of the ancient world, residues which heralded the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and have shaped the identities of today.

My historiography begins in Mesopotamia, modern Iraq, (Northwest Syria, Western Iran and Southern Turkey,) at around 3500 BC. Mesopotamia has been referred to as the starting point of the first recognizable civilization, with Egypt following at about a slightly later date about 3100 BC.  Other great civilizations of antiquity to have appeared in the region at later dates were the Minoan civilization in Crete, about 2000 BC, and a little slightly earlier about 2500 BC in India. The Middle East was arguably among the first regions to emerge from the glacial period thus making it an almost natural venue for the discovery and practice of the art of cultivation. (Amir Taheri, The Cauldron, 1988)

There is a tendency to debate whether Egypt or Mesopotamia was the first cradle of civilization. That is a question, among many, which I will leave for the occupational historian to resolve.  However here are some details to help you form an opinion. One, what is certain is that the Nile as well as the Tigris provided for the first communities a cool climate and an abundance of fertile oases for city-states to develop. Two, I am beginning from 3500BC and this is not the start of human civilization, but it is a figure based upon artifacts retrieved from excavations. Three, there are chronologists who allocate the lands of Kush, modern day Sudan and Ethiopia to be the forerunners of civilization, beginning around 6280BC. (A.J.Rogers, 1982)  Your task would be to go as far back as you can and establish what is true and false on the subject to form your own opinion. Avoid making judgments, however, upon personalities but seek to qualify your views on the basis of research.

So the first City-states to evolve were in Sumer in lower Mesopotamia, which reached its apex around 3,500 BC. The Sumerians a non-Semitic people, not related to the Aryans, had conquered the Iranian Plateau some five centuries earlier. Historians because of debate surrounding the origins of the Sumerians, they have not agreed upon a unified point of view. Were they the earliest inhabitants of the area or were they foreign tribes (from Madyan) that migrated to lower Mesopotamia? One may never know. What is definite however is that they were responsible for many artistic, scientific and technological achievements of the era.

In literature, Sumerian wedge-shaped (cuneiform) writing was done on clay tablets. These tablets show some 2,000 pictographic signs. They were also known to have written poetry. One of their earliest preserved literary documents is Pepi’s Papyrus, “Instructions to a Son”.  It might have been somewhere after the conquest of Egypt by the Hyksos, “Shepherd kings” 2,200 BC, that the script changes from Sumerian style (horizontal, left to right) to Semitic style (vertical, right to left).

In science and technology, the Sumerians as well as the Egyptians are recorded to have acquired the technology of smelting gold, silver, copper and iron alloys. The use of the Potter’s wheel was common, and the manufacture of painted pottery was in daily use. Agricultural tools and supplies for the growing of wheat and others types of food was normal to their daily lives. (Bernard Grun, The Timetables of History, First Touchstone edition 1982)  In the achievements of Sumer, Taheri (1988) noted that man first discovered that trade could be more profitable than marauding raids on one’s neighbors. However, this civilization appears to have been polytheists and remain predominantly so throughout the ages of prophecy. If one were to read chronologists writing from the perspective of the Western secularist tradition, mention have been repeatedly made of the impact of Mesopotamian mythology upon the ‘Abrahamic faiths.’ For instance, they cite that the story of ‘The Great Flood Myth’ found in early Sumerian texts (Gilgamesh) around the Third dynasty of Ur (2010-2000BC) as having been incorporated into Biblical and thence Qur’anic stories of Prophet Noah and the floods.  What they fail to mention is the possibility of the supposed myth being true, being passed into Sumer literature through actual historical occurrence. The Holy Quran, indicates the stubbornness of the people occupying that region at the time:

And We certainly sent Noah to his people, and he remained among them a thousand years minus fifty years, and the flood seized them while they were wrongdoers.” (C:29, V:14)

For believers, those myths are but legends that withstood the test of time. Abraham of Ur Kasdim or Chaldees, Babylonia, emerges around the time of 1800 BC and from Quranic reports he received little on no official support for Monotheism unlike his counterparts in Egypt at later dates in history, as in the case of Akhenaten (Amunhotep IV, 1352-1338 BC).  If the dates of Prophet Yūsuf ibn Yaʿqūb ibn Isāq ibn Ibrāhīm are correct (1610 BC – 1500 BC) then it is possible that Akhenaten could have heard about the historical figure of Yusuf and romanticised an earlier period in Egyptian history when justice, peace and harmony prevailed in the kingdom (monotheistic practices). We know from the history of Akhenaten’s rule that many resented his rule and his attempts to sideline the priesthood in favour for a monotheistic God. The problem was that those dire conditions which two or three centuries earlier brought a non-Egyptian to the prestigious courts of the King, did not exist and so his experiment with Monotheism was short lived. Furthermore, Akhenaten’s brand of Monotheism was not the same as that which the Quran attributed to the Prophets and Messengers of the past, and so it is true to say that he evolved alongside it an anthropomorphic flavour in the Sun (Aten) as an emanation of the divine to appease the masses.
Continue reading Reading History as A Struggle of Tawheed vs Shirk or The Oppressor vs The Oppressed

The validity of ‘Ta’weel’ as an approach towards Intellectual Synthesis in Islamic Thought

Malick Elias

The following excerpts were and taken from an inspiring book written by Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali (1917-1996) entitled: ‘The secret behind the Underdevelopment of Arabs and Muslims’, published by Darul-Qalam, date unknown. There are further details of his life which can be found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_al-Ghazali. It was copied from pages 48 to 54.

I chose these excerpts because among the many reasons for the underdevelopment of the Arabs and Islam identified in the book, what has been mentioned in these passages reflected my thoughts on the issue of ‘Ta’weel’ or the use of interpretation based solely upon analytical and dialectical approaches I have employed in many of the articles I have written so far.

The passages I have chosen from the Sheikh’s book, has gone beyond what the title sought to establish and the rules on referencing. It depicts many of the challenges and attacks he faced from the Salafiyah movement in Algeria and Egypt towards his line of Islamic thought and jurisprudence. What interested me the most were his thoughts on ‘Ta’weel’ or ‘Hermeneutics’ in Islam and I have highlighted those below in bold. It states:

“The Muttakallimoon (Theologians) past and present had to employ a measure of interpretation to some of the sentences of the book Quran – and well as the Prophet’s traditions – in conciliation between them and in line with the rules of reason on the whole to establish the perfection of God (blessed be his name), or to remove claims not worthy of His name! (For instance) Allah states: “He is with you wherever you may be and God sees whatever you do.” Quran Commentators interpreted ‘God’s company’ in this verse to mean: He is with us in His knowledge and hearing and eyesight and ability, wisdom and mercy .. etc., but not the company of Self or Being. (Thus, if we were to understand) God’s company in the context of physicality this would imply an anthropomorphism of His divine being and this is null and void … In light of this, they have also interpreted the saying the Almighty: “We have created man, and We know what توسوس (hidden thoughts) he holds in himself and we are closer to him than his jugular vein.” and His saying too: “Without if it reaches the throat and you then see and we are closer to you, but you do not see.” the Commentators say (this means): ‘Our angels are closer to you ملائكتنا …’ Hence, If the Ashiarites deserve blame for this, because they interpret these verses in order to remove misconceptions about God Almighty then we also to blame because everyone has ceded to the validity of this interpretation!! Does this mean that by accepting this point of view we are Ash’arites? The truth of the matter is that we are with the earliest Muslims on this position and the Messenger of God himself…”

من الصفحات  : ٤٨-٥٤

العلم المغشوش يهز الأمة ويخدم الاستعمار الصحوة الإسلامية المعاصرة مهددة من أعداء كثيرين٬ والغريب أن أخطر خصومها نوع من الفكر الديني يلبس ثوب السلفية٬ وهو أبعد الناس عن السلف إنها اذعاء السلفية وليست السلفية الصحيحة!! إن حب السلف دين وكرههم نفاق٬ إنهم دعائم حضارتنا٬ ومعالم رسالتنا٬ من أجل ذلك يجب أن نحسن التأسي بهم٬ وأن ندفع عنهم كل ما يؤذي سمعتهم. كنت يوما أتحدث فى موضوع غير ذى بال٬ وفي المجلس رجل موصوف بالسلفية٬ وجرت على لساني كلمة موهمة لم أقصد إلى شيء بها! وتلفت فإذا الرجل يحسب فى نفسه مسار فكري٬ ويقدر أني سأتورط في كذا وكذا٬ وكشر عن أنيابه واستعد للفتك!! غير أن الحديث انعرج إلى ناحية أخرى٬ وشعرت بأن الرجل آسف لأ نى أفلمت منه. قلت له: فلان! قال: ما تريد؟ قلت: رأيتك متحفزا للنزال٬ ثم كفى االله المؤمنين القتال…. قال: نعم٬ حسبتك ستقول ما لا أوافق عليه… قلت: إنكم تتربصون بالخطأ٬ لتاكلوا صاحبه٬ فإذا فاتكم شعرتم بالحزن٬ ليست هذه يا صاحبى خلائق المؤمنين! إنكم تجمعون جملة من صفات العناد والتحدى والحقد وتلمس العيب للبرآء٬ وهذا كله مرفوض فى ديننا.. قال: نحن ندافع عن السنن ونحارب المحدثات والناس تأبى إلا الابتداع. وما يرموننا به باطل… قلت: ليت الأمر يكون كذلك٬ إنكم تهاجمون المذاهب الفقهية٬ وتخدشون أقدار الأئمة٬ وتتركون انقسامات عميقة بين الناس باسم السلفية٬ والعلم الصحيح لا يأخذ هذا المنهج.. قال: نحن نرفض التقليد المذهبي٬ ونعلم الناس الأخذ المباشر من الكتاب والسنة أتأبى أنت ذلك؟

سر تأخر العرب و المسلمين-محمد الغزالى 48

قلت: لا يأبى مسلم الارتباط بكتاب ربه وسنة نبيه٬ وتصوركم أن الفقه المذهبى يستقى من نبع آخر غير الكتاب والسنة غير صحيح.. ومن الممكن للعلماء الراسخين أن يناقشوا بعض القضايا٬ ويتعرفوا ما جاء فيها من آثار٬ ويستنبطوا ما يطمئنون إليه من أحكام٬ وذلك كله فى إطار من الإخاء والحب وإيثار الحق على الخلق.. والفقهاء الأربعة الكبار٬ نماذج رفيعة لاحترام الكتاب والسنة٬ ولا يلام مسلم تبع واحدا منهم٬ كما لا تلامون أنتم فى اتباع الشوكانى أو الألبانى أو الصنعانى… إلخ. قال: ذاك ما نقول! قلت له: لا٬ إنكم ترون رأيكم- الذى تابعتم فيه أحد الناس- هو الحق وحده٬ ثم تشنون هجوما على من خالفه بوصفه خارجا على السنة !! كأن السنة وقف عليكم أنتم لا غير! أحب أن تعلموا أن الاجتهاد الفقهى خطؤه وصوابه مأجور٬ وأن الأمر لا يتحمل عداوة وفرقه! ولو سلمنا أن ما لديكم هو الصواب٬ فمخالفكم ما حرم ثواب االله! فلماذا تريدون إحراجه٬ وإخراجه من دائرة السلف٬ لتبقى حكرا عليكم؟ الرأي عندي أن المأساة “خلقية”٬ لا علمية٬ وأولى بكم أن تتواضعوا الله وتصلحوا نيتكم معه٬ وتتطامنوا لإخوانكم المؤمنين٬ وتحسنوا الظن بهم.. إذا اقتنعتم برأيي فمن حوا غيركم أن يقتنع بضده٬ ولا مكان لحرب٬ ولا ضرب٬ والخلاف الفقهى لا حرج منه٬ أما الإثم ففى التعصب المذهبى الضيق

والعالم الإسلامى رحب٬ والمذهب الذى يضيق به قطر يتسع له آخر٬ والذى ينبو عنه عصر تتسع له عصورأخرى.. إن زعيم السلفية الأسبق فى مصر الشيخ حامد الفقى حلف باالله أن أبا حنيفة كافر٬ ولا يزال رجال ممن سمعوا اليمين الفاجرة أحياء٬ وقد نددت أنا فى كتاب لى بمحاضرة ألقيت فى حى الزيتون بالقاهرة تحت عنوان `أبو حامد الغزالى الكافر ` والمكان الذى قيلت فيه هو مقر السلفية!! والطلبة السلفيون هنا- فى جامعة الأمير عبد القادر بالجزائر- يقولون عن مالك بن أنس: إنه يفضل عمل أهل المدينة على حديث رسول االله٬ قلت لهم: هذا كذب٬ إن مالكا! يرى عمل أهل .المدينة أدل على سنة رسول االله من حديث واحد قد يحفظ أو ينسى٬ قد يخطئ أو يصيب!

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هذا التفكير المريض المتحامل لا نتيجة له٬ إلا تمرق الأمة المثخنة بالجراح٬ والزعم بأنه سلفي لون من الدجل والجراءة… وقد لاحظت ثلاث ثمار مرة لهذا العلم المغشوش٬ الأولى أن بعض الطلاب الذين لا يحسنون إعراب جملة يقولون عن الأئمة المتبوعين: هم رجال ونحن رجال! قلت: إن الشعب الإنكليزى لا يتناول رئيسته `تاتشر` بهذا الأسلوب السمج! ليت شعري أين هذا السلوك من قول رسولنا صلى االله عليه وسلم ليس منا من لم يوقر كبيرنا وبرحم صغيرنا ويعرف لعالمنا حقه لما!! الثانية أن نفرا من العمال والفلاحين فرطوا فى أعمالهم الحرفية٬ أو الفنية٬ مكتفين فى إثبات تدينهم بثوب قصير٬ وروية مشوشة٬ وحمل عصا حينا٬ أو ارتداء عمامة ذات ذنب عندما تكون ` المشيخة ` قد ثبتت لصاحبها..! أما الملاحظة الثالثة٬ وخطرها شديد فإن عملاء روسيا وأمريكا أيقاظ فى محاربة الإسلام٬ مهرة فى إطفاء صحوته الجديدة! وهم يجتهدون فى إبراز الجماعات المتطرفة والتغاضى عن نشاطها لأنها وجه دميم للإسلام ودعاية حقيقية ضده٬ وهدم للوحدة٬ وتسجيل للفرقة! من أجل ذلك يحاربون الفكر المعتدل٬ أو الإسلام الصحيح٬ ويطاردون أتباعه على حين يترك هؤلاء الغلاة يثيرون الشبه٬ ويشعلون حروبا داخلية تقضى على الإسلام ومستقبله٬ وذاك سر انتشارهم فى آسيا وإفريقية! إنهم لو نجحوا- قضوا على الإسلام فى مهده بقصورهم العقلى٬ فليتركوا لتحقيق ذلك!! ونتجاوز حكاية فقه الفروع إلى حكاية أخرى أدهى! كنت أقرر أن أحاديث الأحاد يعمل بها فى الأحكام الشرعية القائمة على العلم الظنى أو الظن الراجح.. فسأل طالب: هل ينبنى على الظن عمل؟ قلت تدبر قوله تعالى:” فإن طلقها فلا تحل له من بعد حتى تنكح زوجا غيره فإن طلقها فلا جناح عليهما أن يتراجعا إن ظنا أن يقيما حدود االله”

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إن أحوال الناس ومسالكهم تنبني غالبا على ما يترجح لديهم من أحكام٬ وأحاديت الآحاد ثبتت فى الدماء والأموال٬ والأعراض على هذا الأساس… أما أصول الاعتقاد٬ وأركان الإيمان فتستمد من نص قطعي الدلالة٬ قطعى الثبوت٬ وهذا ما عليه جمهور الأئمة.. قال الطالب- وهو سلفي كما ظهر لي-: حديث الآحاد مصدر للاعتقاد! قلت- محاولا الاختصار-: ليس في ديننا عقائد تقوم على حديث آحاد! عقائدنا كلها ثاتبة بأدلة قاطعة٬ ولا داعي للجدال! قال الطالب: عقيدة القدم ثبتت بحديث آحاد! فرددت كلمة الطالب بضيق شديد٬ وغاظني منه أن يستأنف كلامه قائلا: وفي راوية أخرى ذكرت كلمة رجل بدل كلمة قدم. قلت: تعنون أن نثبت أن الله رجلا؟ ونعد ذلك من عقائد الإسلام التى نلزم الناس بها؟ قال: نعم٬ وذاك رأى سلف الأمة..! قلت: ما أجرأكم على الافتراء! إن سلف الأمة ما تدري شيئا عن هذه الرجل٬ ولا سمع داع إلى الإسلام يكلف الناس أن يؤمنوا بها.. أصل القصة وتفصيلها ذكره القرطبي على نحو واضح سليم.. قال في صحيح مسلم والبخاري والترمذي٬ عن أنس بن مالك عن النبي صلى االله عليه وسلم أنه قال: ` لا تزال جهنم يلقى فيها وتقول: هل من مزيد؟ حتى يضع رب العزة فيها قدمه فينزوى “1” بعضها إلى بعض وتقول قط قط بعزتك وكرمك٬ ولا يزال

فى الجنة فضل حتى ينشىء االله خلقا فيسكنهم فضل الجنة `لفظ مسلم. وفى رواية أخرى من حديث أبى هريرة: `أما النار فلا تمتلئ حتى يضع االله عليها رجله يقول لها قط قط فهنالك تمتلن وينزوى بعضها إلى بعض فلا يظلم االله من خلقه أحدا٬ وأما الجنة فإن االله ينشئ لها خلقا ` قال علماؤنا رحمهم االله: أما معنى القدم هنا فهم قوم تقدمهم االله إلى النار٬ وقد سبق في علمه أنهم من أهل النار٬ وكذلك الرجل وهو العدد الكثير من الناس وغيرهم؟ يقال رأيت رجلا من الناس ورجلا من جراد “1” ينزوي بعضها إلى بعض: تنقبض على من فيها٬ وتشتعل بعذابهم٬ وتكف عن سؤال: هل من مزيد؟

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قال الشاعر: فمر بنا رخل من الناس وانزوى قبائل من لخم وعكل وحمير إليهيم من الحي اليمانيين أرجل على ابنى نزار بالعداوة أحفل ويبين هذا المعنى ما روى عن ابن مسعود أنه قال: ما فى النار بيت ولاسلسلة ولا مقمع ولا تابوت إلا وعليه اسم صاحبه٬ فكل واحد من الخزنة ينتظر صاحبه الذى قد عرف اسمه وصفته٬ فإذا استوفى كل واحد منهم ما أمر به وما ينتظره ولم يبق منهم أحد٬ قال الخزنة: قط قط حسبنا! أى اكتفينا اكتفينا٬ وحينئذ تنزوى جهنم على من فيها وتنطبق إذ لم يبق أحد ينتظر. فعبر عن ذلك الجمع المنتظر بالرجل والقدم؟ ويشهد لهذا التأويل قوله فى نفس الحديث: ` ولا يزال فى الجنة فضل حتى ينشئ االله لها خلقا فيسكنهم فضل الجنة `. وقد زاد “القرطبى” هذا المعنى بيانا فى كتاب الأسماء والصفات من الكتاب الأسنى والحمد الله. وقال النضر بن شميل فى معنى قوله عليه السلام: `حتى يضع الجبار فيها قدمه ` أى من سبق فى علمه أنه من أهل النار. فأين القدم التى يمشى عليها فى هذا السياق المبين؟ إن العقائد لا تخترع ولا تفتعل على هذا النحو المضحك! عقيدة رجل الله !! ما هذا ؟ قلت: إن أركان الإيمان تؤخذ من نص قطعي الثبوت أي متواتر٬ قطعى الدلالة أي لا يحتمل معنى آخر.. وإذا كان الأحناف يرون أن خبر الواحد لا يثبت فريضة في الفروع العملية٬ لأن الفرض عندهم يثبت بدليل قطعي لا شبهة فيه٬ فكيف نتصور نحن إثباته لعقيدة يكفر منكرها؟ ولكن الطالب السلفي قال: إن القرطبي أشعري المذهب وإنه أحد المفسرين الجانحين إلى التأويل٬ وانه يشبه الرازي والغزالي٬ وإنهم جميعا مبتدعة لا يؤخذ الإسلام منهم… وعلمت أن الغلام مملوء بالجهالة٬ وأنه- مثل …غيره من أدعياء السلفية- لا تصلح الأرض معهم ولا بهم

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الطريق لحل الخلاف في قضية التأويل: وهنا أجدني مسوقا إلى الكلام عن التأويل٬ وتبيان الموقف الصحيح منه… إن العقل الإنساني فى عصرنا هذا عرف قدره٬ وعرف أين يمتد وأين ينكمش؟ ففى بحوث المادة انطلق لا يلوى على شىء ! أما فيما وراء المادة٬ فقد تراجع وأعلن أن هذا ليس ميدانه.. والعقل الإسلامي عرف هذه الحقيقة لكن بعد ما داخ وكاد يهلك! والذين اشتغلوا بالتأويل عندنا سبحوا طويلا فى البحر ثم لما أحسوا الغرق عرجوا على أقرب شاطئ فنجوا بأنفسهم! وقد تأملت مليا فى مواقف رجالنا قديما فما شعرت في قلب أحدهم بسوء٬ ولا رأيت أن أحدهم يخطر بباله النيل من أمجاد الألوهية٬ أو الحط من عظمتها! إن جمهرتهم- فى خشوع وأدب- تشترك مع الكون المسبح بحمد ربه٬ وتشترك مع الركع السجود فى التوبة والخضوع. ربما أسف المعتزلة فى بعض عباراتهم٬ وربما خدعهم الإعجاب بفكر اليونان حينا٬ وأنا ما كان أمرهم فإن العقلاء أدانوهم فى تأليبهم السلطة على أحمد بن حنبل٬ وكان ذلك طاويا لرايتهم إلى الأ بد٬ فانتهوا بخيرهم وشرهم… أما الأشاعرة فتنزيههم دته واضح٬ وثناؤهم عليه جميل٬ وقد اقتصدوا فى التأويل٬ وسلكوا مسلكا وسطا جعل جماهير المسلمين تنضم إليهم من ألف سنة إلى اليوم. ولك أن تقول: ما قيمة هذا الاقتصاد٬ ونحن منهيون عن التأويل جملة وتفصيلا؟ ونجيب: إن المتكلمين من سلف وخلف اضطروا إلى التأويل فى بعض جمل من الكتاب الكريموالسنة كذلكتوفيقا بينها وبين الآيات الأخرى٬ وتمشيا مع حكم العقل فى إثبات الكمال كله الله تبارك اسمه٬ ونفى أى إيهام بما لا يليق! تدبر قوله تعالى: “وهو معكم أينما كنتم واالله بما تعملون بصيرالمفسرون: المعية هنا معية صفات٬ لا معية ذات٬ فهو معنا بعلمه وسمعه وبصره وقدرته وحكمته ورحمته.. إلخ٬ أما معية الذات فتقتضى الحلول وهو باطل… وعلى ضوء هذا فسروا قوله سبحانه وتعالى: “ولقد خلقنا الإنسان ونعلم ما توسوس به نفسه ونحن أقرب إليه من حبل الوريد”. وقوله أيضا: “فلولا إذا بلغت الحلقوم وأنتم حينئذ تنظرون ونحن أقرب إليه منكم ولكن لا تبصرون”. قالوا: نحن أي ملائكتنا… فإذا استحق الأشعرى لوما٬ لأنه أول آيات ومرويات ابتغاء تنزيه االله تبارك وتعالى فغيره كذلك ملوم ولا معنى لنهش الرجل وحده بالأسلوب المسعور الذى نراه الآن!! هل يعني ذلك أننا مع الأشعري في منهجه؟ الحق أني مع السلف الأول من صحابة رسول االله٬ ومع دولة الخلافة الراشدة٬ التي لم تفتح بابا لهذه

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البحوث!. وأنظر إلى ابن تيمية والأشعري على أنهما سواء في الإيمان الصحيح٬ والغيرة على الإسلام. وما يأخذ الكاشحون على أبى الحسن ٬ يؤخذ مثله على ابن تيمية عندما يتوقف فى نفي الجسمية عن االله فلا يثبت ولا ينفي٬ وهذا خطأ٬ وكان ينبغى أن يلتزم بقوله تعالى: “ليس كمثله شيء” فيجزم بالنفى! كما يؤخذ عليه أيضا نفيه للمجاز في القرآن وفي اللغة العربية كلها٬ إن علماء اللغة وأدباءها وشعراءها يبتسمون من هذا النفي الغريب.. ولكن هذه الهنات لا تنال من قدر إمام شامخ كبير العقل راسخ اليقين شديد البلاء٬ فى نصرة الإسلام٬ ورد أعدائه.. وواجبنا فى هذا العصر ألا نجدد العراك بين الموتى٬ وألا تجتر الخلافات القديمة …

Flickering of the Light: Inspirational quotes to return to over and over again … Lest We Forget

The following are three inspirational quotes within which for their authors the eternal light of the soul flickered and momentarily illuminated the darkness of the world … To each of these in order of preference I often return to be inspired.

Malick Elias

Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented, fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won’t feel insecure around you. We are all meant to shine, as children do. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It’s not just in some of us; it’s in everyone. And as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.”

by Marianne Williamson, from her book A Return to Love …

Continue reading Flickering of the Light: Inspirational quotes to return to over and over again … Lest We Forget